CLAT Exam Pattern & CLAT Syllabus
What is CLAT?
The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for admissions to candidates in undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law courses offered at 22 NLUs and other colleges/universities accepting exam scores. Some public organisations such as ONGC and BHEL also use CLAT-PG scores for recruitment.
CLAT Exam Pattern
|Particulars||CLAT Exam Pattern Highlights|
|Exam duration||120 minutes (2 hours)|
|Type of questions||Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)|
|Exam subjects||5 (English Language, Current Affairs including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Techniques)|
|Marking scheme||+1 for correct answer
-0.25 for incorrect answer
Exam Pattern & Weightage
|Sections||No. of MCQs||Maximum Marks||Approximate Weightage (in %)|
|Current Affairs including General Knowledge||35-39||35-39||25|
|Quantitative Techniques (Elementry Mathematics up to Class 10)||13-17||13-17||10|
Overview of CLAT Syllabus
CLAT Syllabus for English Language
In this section, proficiency in English is tested on the basis of questions related to comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates are evaluated on the basis of their understanding of the passage, the central theme, meanings of words used in the passage etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
- There will be passages of 450 words based on the contemporary, historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing
- The passages will consume five to seven minutes to read and comprehend. Candidates have to compare and contrast different viewpoints, draw out inferences and conclusions and also understand the meaning of words and phrases from the passage to attempt the questions.
- Questions in this section will be of Class 12 difficulty level
CLAT Syllabus for Currents Affairs including General Knowledge
In this section, candidates are evaluated based on their awareness about various aspects of static General Knowledge and Current Affairs. For General Knowledge, candidates should be aware about subjects such as Arts & Culture and History. Current affair questions test a candidate’s knowledge about the events happening nationally as well as internationally. To prepare for this section, candidates are advised to be up-to-date with news and other topics discussed in mainstream media in the last one year.
- This section will also carry passages of around 450 words and will be based on news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writings
- The passages will carry legal information and knowledge
CLAT Syllabus for Quantitative Techniques
The section will carry passages based on short sets of facts, propositions, graphs, pictorials, textuals or diagrammatic representation of numerical data. Candidates have to attempt the objective-type questions by calculating the given information in the short sets. The candidates have to derive, infer and manipulate the numerical data which will be based on ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistics.
- This section will contain short sets rather than complete passages
- Questions in this section will be of Class 10 difficulty level
CLAT Syllabus for Legal Reasoning
Questions in this section will be based on the legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. The questions will be based on general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues, therefore, candidates with little or no knowledge of law subjects can also attempt the section easily. They will be required to read and infer the rules and principles and thereafter, apply those rules and principles to different and fact-based situations to attempt the questions.
- This section will carry passages of around 450 words that may related to fact-based situations or legal, public policy and moral scenarios
- Candidates do not require any prior knowledge of law to attempt this section
CLAT Syllabus for Logical Reasoning
The Logical Reasoning section of CLAT 2021 will carry passages based on relationships, analogies, logical sequences and arguments. Candidates will be required to critically analyse the arguments, the pattern of reasoning, identify contradictions and then conclude the arguments.
- The passages in this section will be of around 300 words
- Each passage will be followed by one or more questions
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